Wednesday, 11 November 2015

Geography in Key Stage 4 (year 10 & 11)

Dear parents and students of year 9,

I have got some requests about information a little bit more in detail about Geography in year 10 and 11. So, I have decided to make a brief summary of the important information to pay attention about this subject and posted on here. You may find this information and other, in the "portal de comunicación".


KEY STAGE 4 – YEARS 10-11 

In Key Stage 4, students in Montessori Mataespesa/Fresnos will be prepared for the International General Certificate of Education exam of the University of Cambridge Examinations Board (IGCSE), Syllabus number 0460. The aims are therefore the same as those specified by the exam board and are summarised as follows: - 
1. To develop a sense of place and an understanding of relative location on a local, regional and global scale; 
2. To develop an awareness of the characteristics and distribution of a selection of contrasting physical and human environments; 
3. To develop an understanding of some of the processes affecting the development of such environments; 
4. To develop an understanding of the spatial effects of the ways in which people interact with each other and with their environments; 
5. To develop an understanding of different communities and cultures throughout the world and an awareness of the contrasting opportunities and constraints presented by different environments.

2. Syllabus outline 
All students will follow the same teaching syllabus, based on the exam syllabus.

YEAR 10 (Physical Geography)
1. Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, volcanoes, fold mountains, rift valleys, natural hazards and human response. 
2. Weathering and mass movement 
3. Fluvial processes and associated landforms, flooding, river pollution, water resources – uses, competition and conflict 
4. Marine processes and associated landforms, coastal flooding, coastal pollution, and coastal management 
5. The collection of meteorological data and factors affecting climate 
6. Tropical rainforests – climate and vegetation, plantation farming, small-scale subsistence agriculture, deforestation and global warming 
7. Deserts – climate and vegetation 

YEAR 11 (Human Geography)
1. World population distribution and density. World population growth, the concepts of overpopulation and carrying capacity. The demographic transition and variations in world population growth. Pro- and anti-natalist policies. Population structure, population pyramids. Population migration – causes and consequences
2. Settlement site, situation, pattern, morphology, function and growth. Settlement hierarchies and spheres of influence – shopping patterns. Urbanisation and associated problems. Urban land use models and comparisons between MEDCs and LEDCs. Inner cities and their redevelopment, ribbon development, dormitory suburbs/villages, green belts. Rural-urban migration in the LEDCs and shanty towns 
3. Employment structure 
4. Farming – changes in commercial and cash-crop farming 
5. Energy – significance of different energy sources, acid rain, the siting of power stations 
6. Industrial systems - motor vehicle assembly, high technology industries 
7. Leisure & tourism 
8. Revision 

3. Time allocation 

Students will have 3 x 55 minute periods of Geography and some homework per week. 

4. Resources 

Each student will have a copy of The New Wider World (Third Edition) by David Waugh (ISBN ). Each student will have access to the Oxford Practical Atlas (ISBN 0 19 831836 7). The textbook and atlas are supplemented my many teacher-prepared resources and by past examination questions. 

5. Assessment 

No assessment will be made of the students’ notes but assessment will be based on IGCSE style questions and the grades awarded will be equivalent to those that would have been obtained by the student under examination conditions bearing in mind the stage in the course. There will be tests at the end of most teaching units and formal examinations in June of Year 10 and in January of Year 11. All students will enter for Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 4 (Alternative to Coursework).

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

Year 9s OPTIONS TIME!!! Is Geography for me?

Dear year 9s

As you get closer to narrowing down your options, I have received some questions from pupils asking me about next year. Most of you are a bit excited and nervous about what to do and choose for year 10 and 11. Well, it is difficult for me to give an individual answer for each of you, for that reason you should think about a few things, and you can read them all down here. This applies just as well to any subject, not just Geography.

Step 1: Most important - do you enjoy it?
If you enjoy a subject you will work harder and be more attentive. That will lead to a happier couple of years, and a better grade at the end of it. If you enjoy several subjects, go to step 2...

Step 2: Are you good at it?
If you have several subjects you enjoy, think about which ones you are best at. Remember though, that if you haven't done well recently it doesn't mean you won't do better next year, especially as the people in your group will change which may help you concentrate better. If you are still struggling, go to step 3...

Step 3: The Department
If you haven't made your decisions based on Steps 1 and 2 (and even if you have), take a look at the department you will be working in. Every subject has huge strengths, and you need to decide which are appropriate for you. In last year's IGCSE exams, most of our Geography students at Montessori School Mataespesa got a grade C / B - and many A or an A*. Is this something that is important to you? You can also think about the classrooms, access to past papers, and the staff - but see the word of warning in Step 5!

Step 4: What will you study next year - is it interesting?
If you still can't decide, get details from other IGCSE students in the Options Meeting on Thursday 5th of November about the course you are going to study. You might find Geography more interesting than you thought - from global issues like climate change and fighting poverty, right down to why you live in your house and why there isn't a cinema nearby, geography is an interesting subject. Remember also that some new subjects that sound fabulously exciting might not turn out the way you think they will. This brings us on to the next point...

Step 5: The teachers
You might want to study with the same teacher for the next two years. Or you might want to get away from one you have at the moment! :,( But don't let this be something that influences your decision to do any particular subject. Remember that teachers are unlikely to teach all the groups in your year for IGCSE, and even if they do, in all subject areas teachers move on from time to time. Mr. Vallely and "myself" Mr. Legaz.... we are very busy every year and last minute subject changes may occur.

Whatever you decide, make sure it is the right subject for you. The Geography Department naturally wants you ALL to do Geography because we think it is the most important subject you could take (where else will you learn about global warming, rainforest destruction, shopping patterns and coastal erosion?) but we also want you to make the right decision. Ask us at any time if you want more advice.

Here you have some videos. The first one is from a school in UK giving you reasons to choose GEOGRAPHY as IGCSE. I will try to publish some other videos on here to help you with your final decision. Show them to your parents so you make the right choice!!!

Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Year 9's and 11's Development and TNCs

I am posting this link. I might be useful for the topic of "development" and "TNCs". 
We have been talking about LEDCs and MEDCs and the problems to narrow the gap between rich and poor. There are many different reasons and hands behind it.... and some of the hands are well explained in the following article.

Wednesday, 30 September 2015

Year 11 Population, migration and resources

I am posting interesting and updated information about population, migration and resources. Remember... we will do a test about population and migration soon. Click on the link or picture to find out more.

Wednesday, 2 September 2015


Dear students,

As I do every September, I would like to take this opportunity to welcome everyone back for the start of the 2015 – 2016 school year. Although I’m sure everyone hates to see their summer vacation come to an end, there is always a certain air of excitement about the start of a new school year. 
We did not even start yet and  here you have some information about our 1st term. Hope you find it useful and it will be all explained the first week we see all each other. Click on upper tags to know more. But anyway... most of you are more or less familiar with new timetables, rooms, books, and teachers.

It is going to be a challenging year for us all (students, parents and teachers), with many different issues to deal with academically or not, in and out the school. 

For that reason we all must make an extra effort in our own responsabilities, being supportive to each other.

- Students, I expect you work hard, study a lot, following school rules as you know them already.

- Parents, I know and appreciate your support and understanding of the hard work of teachers and special conditions we are going through at work. So, I give you all my biggest thank you in advance.
- Teachers (myself) As a teacher I understand the effort all of you (parents) are making to send your kids here and I will do my job as professional as ever to get outstanding and best academic results with every single student I am responsible in every subject, group and lessons I teach.

Ok, enough is enough... time to say bye for now.

I just wish you the best of luck to you all this year.

Mr. Legaz

Monday, 24 August 2015

Back to school....

A few days and back to work! EVERYBODY!! 
Enjoy your last days and weeks of Holiday! If it makes you happy... Teachers will be back to work some days before you do... :-)

Monday, 6 July 2015

Geography Book Order 2015-2016 -- Important Information

It seems there were some mistakes in the book order with the information of Geography. I have been talking to Mr. Vallely and he has sent you an email on the platform explaining the mistakes , these are not related with the geography department and/or the teachers. I do a copy and paste down here, just in case you did not read it just yet. (As you can read Year 7 and 11 information is fine in the book order)

Parece que han realizado algunos errores en la información de geografía y la lista de libros de texto enviada hace un par de días. He estado hablando con Mr. Vallely y os ha enviado un email en la plataforma, explicando los errores, los cuales nada tienen que ver con el departamento y/o sus profesores. Os copio y pego el email aquí abajo, por si no habeis leído todavía el mensaje. (Como podréis leer la información sobre year 7 e 11 están correctas en la lista de libros)


Hola a todos los padres de Y7, Y8 , Y9 y Y10

Acabo de ver la lista de libros para el curso 2015-16 y hay errores en Geography, Me gustaría dejar claro que libros son para todos:

Year 8 el libro no es la cuarta edición sino la tercera pero el ISBN que aparece en la lista es corecto.
Year 9 el libro no es la cuarta edición sino la tercera pero el ISBN que aparece en la lista es corecto.
En Year 10 no aparece ningún libro pero el libro es el siguente
The New Wider World  by David Waugh, Third Edition, ISBN 9781408505113

Disculpen las molestias y buen verano a todos

Chris Vallely
Jefe del departamento de Geography